What Does the Adverb Modify? Adverb Usage and Examples

With short adjectives, the comparative and superlative are typically formed by adding -er and -est, respectively. If an adjective has three or more syllables, use the words more or less and most or least in front of the adjectives instead of adding suffixes. When you are unsure whether to add the suffix or a word, look up the word. Sometimes, adverbs modify a whole sentence; thus, they are called sentence adverbs.

What is adverb example with sentence?

Example of adverbs in sentences that describe how an action is taking place: She was walking slowly. My friend and I ran quickly to get the bus. He stopped the car abruptly.

Some words may be either adverbs or adjectives, depending on their function in the sentence. The relative pronoun “where” modifies the verb “used to be” , but the entire clause (“where my great grandfather used to be minister”) modifies the word “church.” Adverbs can modify adjectives, but an adjective cannot modify an adverb.


And could you please explain the meaning of both placements? (If you think the end-placement is incorrect, please still explain the beginning-placement). Old-fashioned grammarians sometimes recommend against usingsplit infinitives. Comparative adverbs of two or more syllables usemoreorless—e.g.,I finished quickly.He finished more quickly. Comparative adverbs(e.g.,more softly) are used to compare two qualities. Still, most writers find ways around using the awkward words. To make an adverb from an adjective ending in -y(but not -ly—see the next section) drop theyand add-ily—for exampleangry becomes angrily, hungrybecomeshungrily.

Don’t forget the use of commas for these types of words. It is changing the meaning of the adverb “elegantly” by the addition of quite before it. Adverbs are also used to elaborate and emphasize what adjectives mean. Notice the difference between a moderately easy exam and a very easy exam.

Specifically, adverbs provide a description of how, where, when, in what manner and to what extent something is done or happens. Normally, we can spot an adverb by the fact that it often ends in –ly, but there are lots of adverbs that don’t end in this way. Moreover, adverbs can be used in many combinations with each other. Remember, adjectives are words that modify nouns and pronouns. They help to describe or tell us more about those nouns and pronouns.

Adverbs: Adverbs Modifying Adjectives

It is indicating that there are only a small number of minutes, but it does not indicate a specific number. It is indicating that the plural noun, buildings, are at a further proximity to whomever is making the statement. It is indicating that the singular noun, restaurant, is in close proximity to whomever is making the statement. And, or the adjectives were reversed, it would not change the meaning of the sentence.

Simple adverbs are adverbs that add “ly” to the end of an adjective to create and adverb. Flat adverbs are adverbs that have the same form as their corresponding adjective. There are thousands of different adverb examples, but here is just a short list of some common ones. Modifying an adverb is the action of changing the meaning or adding new meaning to the existing adverb. When an adverb is placed before another adverb, it changes its meaning. In this part, the meaning of modifying adverb is defined. The adverb quite shows the degree of the action or state.

What are the 7 adverbs?

Adverbs of Degree

Adverbs of degree describe the degree to which something is done. These adverbs include “barely,” “completely,” “considerably,” “deeply,” “greatly,” “hardly,” “highly,” “immensely,” “partly,” “rather,” “strongly,” and “utterly”.

In the incorrect example, the two independent clauses are combined with a coordinate adverb, but there is only a comma before the adverb. These adverbs are generally located after a verb or at the end of a verb phrase, but can appear before the verb or verb phrase. Adverbs of frequency may be single words, phrases, general or specific. These adverbs usually appear between the subject and the verb, but they may appear at the beginning or end of the sentence. In this example, the attributive adjective directly follows the noun being described. Here, smells is an action verb and takes an adverb modifier, meaning something is wrong with the dog’s sense of smell. Here, grow is a linking verb meaning to become, so the complement should be an adjective .

Adverbs Splitting Verb Phrases

” Very, then, must be a word modifying the color blue, not the bird itself. The adverb fortunately indicates a sign of relief that she was not late and reached the venue on time. Mechanics and Usage lessons equip students with the necessary skills to communicate clearly to all audiences. Parts of the Sentence lessons are critical for understanding how the parts of speech function in language construction.

What Does the Adverb Modify? Adverb Usage and Examples

The sentence still makes sense with the true linking verb “is.” It means that ”tasted” in this context is a linking verb. Linking verbs are typically modified by adjectives . Some adjectives and adverbs seem to be interchangeable but are not.

A Guide To What Adjective Phrases Modify

In German the term Adverb is differently defined than in the English language. German adverbs form a group of noninflectable words . An English adverb which is derived from an adjective is arranged in German under the adjectives with adverbial use in the sentence. The others are also called adverbs in the German language.

  • They indicate a general feeling about all the information in the sentence rather than a specific thing.
  • Where the meaning permits, adverbs may undergo comparison, taking comparative and superlative forms.
  • Consider how replacing the existing adverbs with different ones would change the meaning of each sentence.
  • Adverbs are also used to elaborate and emphasize what adjectives mean.
  • In this article, the concept of an adverb modifying another adverb is explained.
  • Often, adverbs function as intensifiers to strengthen the meaning of an adjective to the reader.

The adverb usually clarifies the degree or intensity of the adjective. The adverb most modifies the adjectivechallenging to indicate the degree of difficulty of the question.

The adverb outside modifies the verb leave by telling where. The adverb tomorrow modifies the verb shift by telling when. The adverb happily modifies the verb jumped by telling how. Some of the above sentences seem to flow better than others, but they are all grammatically correct within the right context. Obviously, punctuation can be tricky—EasyBib Plus is not! Give our grammar tool a try and check your punctuation, writing style, and more! EasyBib Plus’s tool kit can also help with your papers and essays by creating citations in popular formats, including APA andMLA format—plus severalmore styles.

Adverbs: Functions

Broadly, adverbs ending in -ly use more and most to indicate degree. In Latvian, an adverb is formed from an adjective by changing the masculine or feminine adjective endings -s and -a to -i.

The adverb very modifies the adverb carefully by indicating the degree of how carefully the document was read. The adverb so modifies the adjective delicious by describing the taste intensity of the food at the party. You should be able to remove this type of clause and the remainder of the sentence should still make grammatical sense, as you’ll note from the examples above. What Does the Adverb Modify? Adverb Usage and Examples Conjunctive Adverbs are used to connect two independent clauses with a transitioning word. Most adverbs are well known for ending with the letters ‘ly’. Adding ‘ly’ to the end of an adjective very often changes that adjective to adverb. In the correct example, there is a semicolon after the first clause, before the coordinating adverb, and a comma after the adverb.

  • Used as adjectives to describe the type of style and getaway.
  • Both adjectives and adverbs are used as modifiers in sentences.
  • Adverbs can modify adjectives, but an adjective cannot modify an adverb.
  • If adverbs of two or more syllables use “more” and “most,” then why is it “early, earlier, earliest” and not “early, more early, most early”?
  • In the following sentences, the adverbs are in bold font and the words they modify are in italic font.

“Es runāju latviski/angliski/krieviski” means “I speak Latvian/English/Russian” or, literally, “I speak Latvianly/Englishly/Russianly”. If a noun is required, the expression used means literally “language of the Latvians/English/Russians”, “latviešu/angļu/krievu valoda”. Interlingua also forms adverbs by adding ‘-mente’ to the adjective.

To Modify Whole Sentences

Rather, most of them use the addition of more or less and most or least. PRE-POSITION MODIFIER An adverb phrase includes an adverb (the “head” of the phrase) and a word or words that modify the adverb (one or more “dependents”). The modifiers are said to be “complements” of the adverb. Writers need to observe the following punctuation rules when using conjunctive adverbs. The following examples show the place of adverbs in sentences. An adverb is a word that modifies a verb, an adjective, another adverb, or a complete sentence. The word adverb was first recorded in the English language in the early 16th century, originating from the Latin word adverbium.

  • As you can see, adverb placement may affect meaning.
  • If you see a linking verb used in a sentence, think twice about using an adverb.
  • An adverb is a word that modifies adjectives, verbs, and adverbs.
  • Interestingly, -ly is not the only suffix that can be added to the end of a word to change its meaning or be used by both adjectives and adverbs.
  • Some have corresponding-lyadverbs that have different meanings—right, for example, has several adverbial senses it does not share withrightly.

Conjunctive adverbs are transitions, and they can be used at the beginning, middle, or end of a single independent clause. Are two or more adjectives that have a building effect on the word being described, and the order of the adjectives are important to the overall meaning. Commas and/or the word “and” are not used with cumulative adjectives. But most is an adverb when it is used to form the superlative of an adjective.

From the basic to the advanced, these lessons will cover a wide range of grammar topics that can be used in any grade level or classroom. Upload a paper to check for plagiarism against billions of sources and get advanced writing suggestions for clarity and style. If an adjective already ends in a Y, remove it, then add ILY in its place. Or to ask indirect questions within other questions. The ultimate review guides for AP® subjects to help you plan and structure your prep.

Adverbs Vs Adjectives

We looked at straight in that sentence as an adjective expressing “without circumlocution; frank; candid.” But we can also see where you’re coming from. Part of the objective of this article was to express that grammar has nuance and is often not a black and white matter. If the article or the existing discussions do not address a thought or question you have on the subject, please use the “Comment” box at the bottom of this page.

What Does the Adverb Modify? Adverb Usage and Examples

Adverbs ending in-lytake the forms of comparative and superlative adjectives—e.g.,I arrived early. Your observation that the noun phrases road ahead and closet downstairs include an omitted, understood relative pronoun phrase is an interesting one. It raises a valid question to consider about whether an adverb truly ever modifies a noun. Many times, adverbs of place can be used as prepositions as well. The difference is, when the phrase is used as an adverb, it is modifying a verb; when it is used as a preposition, it is always followed by a noun. Conjunctive adverbs join and create transitions between independent clauses.

Comparative And Superlative Adverbs

Shifting the adverb placement creates more interesting sentence structures. Here are a few sentences using adverbs in various positions. The key to determining whether to use an adjective or an adverb as a modifier is to figure out what part of speech is being modified. https://personal-accounting.org/ If you want to modify a noun or a pronoun, you need an adjective. If you want to modify something else, you need an adverb. Adverbs are used similarly to another part of speech known as adjectives. Both adjectives and adverbs are used as modifiers in sentences.

What Does the Adverb Modify? Adverb Usage and Examples

There is a basic order in which adverbs will appear when there is more than one. It is similar to The Royal Order of Adjectives, but it is even more flexible. This issue is addressed in the section on degrees in adjectives.


When an adverb is modifying an adjective it is saying something about the adjective in the sentence, often adding clarification or intensity. The adverb is normally as close as possible to the adjective in a sentence, and often uses intensifying words like more, least, or hardly. Conjunctive adverbs form a separate category because they serve as both conjunctions and adverbs . Groups of words can also function as adverb phrases or adverb clauses.